Aging and Migration in a Transition Economy: The Case of China

37 Pages Posted: 2 Aug 2014

See all articles by Orn B. Bodvarsson

Orn B. Bodvarsson

Saint Cloud State University; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Jack W Hou

California State University, Long Beach

Kailing Shen

Xiamen University; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

Post-reform China has been experiencing two major demographic changes, an extraordinary amount of internal migration and an aging population. We present a general migration model which captures the idea that older migrants have shorter durations in the destination but possibly larger general human capital to transfer. Therefore, the incentive to migrate is ambiguously related to age. We test the theoretical implication using an extended modified gravity model, nuanced to fit the case of a transition economy. We find that shifts in China's age distribution have generated significant changes in the country's migration patterns.

Keywords: internal migration, age distribution, reforms

JEL Classification: J61, J11

Suggested Citation

Bodvarsson, Orn B. and Hou, Jack W and Shen, Kailing, Aging and Migration in a Transition Economy: The Case of China. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8351. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2475319

Orn B. Bodvarsson (Contact Author)

Saint Cloud State University ( email )

Saint Cloud, MN 56301
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Jack W Hou

California State University, Long Beach ( email )

1250 Bellflower Blvd
Long Beach, CA 90064
United States

Kailing Shen

Xiamen University ( email )

Xiamen, Fujian 361005
China

HOME PAGE: http://www.wise.xmu.edu.cn/faculty/shen

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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