Risk-Related Activism: The Business Case for Monitoring Nonfinancial Risk

41 J. Corp. L. 647 (2016)

59 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2014 Last revised: 6 Nov 2016

See all articles by Virginia E. Harper Ho

Virginia E. Harper Ho

City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law; European Corporate Governance Institute

Date Written: April 4, 2016


This Article presents the case for risk-related activism — the exercise of shareholder power to promote firm management, mitigation, and disclosure of risk, including nonfinancial environmental, social, and governance (ESG) risks. Drawing on a substantial empirical literature largely overlooked in current corporate governance debates, it presents evidence that accounting for both financial and nonfinancial risk can drive firm and portfolio performance, while advancing market transparency and stability. Risk-related activism therefore represents a realignment of investor interests with long-term firm value and core regulatory goals. This Article also counters common objections to institutional investor monitoring by showing that risk-related activists have both the tools and the incentives to engage portfolio firms. This evidence urges greater attention to ESG risks by corporate boards and stronger regulatory and policy support for risk-related activism as a path toward greater corporate accountability.

Keywords: risk oversight, risk management, risk, shareholder, activism, hedge funds, institutional investor, ESG, corporate social responsibility

JEL Classification: G3, K22, M14

Suggested Citation

Harper Ho, Virginia E., Risk-Related Activism: The Business Case for Monitoring Nonfinancial Risk (April 4, 2016). 41 J. Corp. L. 647 (2016), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2478121 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2478121

Virginia E. Harper Ho (Contact Author)

City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law ( email )

Li Dak Sum Yip Yio Chin Academic Building
83 Tat Chee Avenue
Kowloon Tong, Kowloon, Kowloon
Hong Kong

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.cityu.edu.hk/

European Corporate Governance Institute ( email )

c/o the Royal Academies of Belgium
Rue Ducale 1 Hertogsstraat
1000 Brussels

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