International Trade, Do Institutions Matter? Evidence from Regional Studies
Theoretical Economics Letters, 2014, 4, 584-597
15 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2014
Date Written: August 9, 2014
The study investigates the relationship between trade and institutions across regions using panel data for seven regions for the period 1980 to 2010 (31 years) and general method of moment estimation method (GMM). Consistent with past literature, institutions were found to have a significant effect on trade. Different measures that capture institutions were used, domestic and international institutions were found to be significantly promoting exports across regions and it was concluded that institutions mattered reasonably in the trade promotion discussion. Domestic institutions were protectionist in nature since they increased tariffs on imported goods, while international institutions were probably reducing regional tariffs.
Keywords: Exports, International Trade, Institutions, Market Size and Transaction Cost
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