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Expert Workers, Performance Standards, and On-the-Job Training: Evaluating Major League Baseball Umpires

69 Pages Posted: 11 Aug 2014 Last revised: 28 Aug 2014

Brian M. Mills

University of Florida

Date Written: August 27, 2014

Abstract

This paper examines the role of changes in monitoring, technological innovation, performance standards, and collective bargaining as they relate to performance improvements among Major League Baseball umpires from 1988 through 2013. I find structural changes in performance concurrent with known bargaining struggles, and substantial improvements in performance after implementation of incentive pay and new technological monitoring and training. Not only do umpires improve performance in expected ways, but the variability in umpire performance has also decreased substantially. These changes have reduced offensive output often attributed to a crackdown on performance enhancing drug use in MLB.

Keywords: Merit Pay, Tournaments, Training, Baseball, Umpires

JEL Classification: L83, J42, J5

Suggested Citation

Mills, Brian M., Expert Workers, Performance Standards, and On-the-Job Training: Evaluating Major League Baseball Umpires (August 27, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2478447

Brian M. Mills (Contact Author)

University of Florida ( email )

PO Box 117165, 201 Stuzin Hall
Gainesville, FL 32610-0496
United States

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