Energy Access and Energy Security in Asia and the Pacific

34 Pages Posted: 12 Aug 2014 Last revised: 20 Oct 2014

See all articles by Benjamin K. Sovacool

Benjamin K. Sovacool

Science Policy Research Unit; Department of Business Technology & Development

Date Written: December 1, 2013


Lack of access to electricity and modern cooking fuels constitutes energy poverty. Access to modern energy requires improved technologies and financing instruments and sources. The pro poor public-private partnership model is one useful vehicle for raising capital to finance projects. Five factors appear to be necessary in combination for programs and partnerships to successfully promote energy access and eradicate energy poverty: selecting appropriate technology, promoting community participation, emphasizing maintenance and service, coupling service with incomes, and building local capacity.

Keywords: energy access, energy and development, energy poverty, indoor air pollution

JEL Classification: K32, L38, N75

Suggested Citation

Sovacool, Benjamin K., Energy Access and Energy Security in Asia and the Pacific (December 1, 2013). Asian Development Bank Economics Working Paper Series No. 383. Available at SSRN: or

Benjamin K. Sovacool (Contact Author)

Science Policy Research Unit ( email )

Falmer, Brighton BN1 9SL
United Kingdom


Department of Business Technology & Development ( email )

Nordre Ringgade 1
Aarhus C, DK-8000


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