Corruption and Governance Improvement in Uruguay

20 Pages Posted: 13 Aug 2014

See all articles by Daniel Buquet

Daniel Buquet

Universidad de la Republica - Departamento de Ciencia Politica

Rafael Piñeiro

Universidad Católica del Uruguay

Date Written: February 1, 2014


This paper describes and analyzes the transformation of Uruguayan governance institutions with particular regard to corruption and particularism. Uruguay substantively improved its levels of universalism in the last fifteen years. This improvement is due to a prolonged process of transformation in Uruguayan politics from competitive particularism to an open access regime. We claim that the change in the way that parties compete for votes - from clientelistic to programmatic strategy – since 1985 is the cause of this transformation. An economic and fiscal crisis during de sixties, weakened the clientelistic strategy of the traditional parties and enabled the entrance of a new party that built their electoral support based on programmatic claims instead of the distribution of clientelism. In that context clientelism became nor fiscally sustainable neither electorally effective. The traditional parties –after an authoritarian period- had to adapt to programmatic competition and leave aside clientelism. Institutional transformations regarding corruption are in this context the effects rather than causes of universalism. Nevertheless, these new institutions are not irrelevant because they are functional to the new political equilibrium and help to maintain it. This document uses data from a variety of sources - ranging from official figures to public opinion and elite surveys or media reports - to provide descriptive evidence of the main features of this governance regime transformation, and proposes an analytic framework to explain it.

Keywords: Corruption, clientelism, universalism, politics, Uruguay

Suggested Citation

Buquet, Daniel and Piñeiro, Rafael, Corruption and Governance Improvement in Uruguay (February 1, 2014). Available at SSRN: or

Daniel Buquet (Contact Author)

Universidad de la Republica - Departamento de Ciencia Politica ( email )

Constituyente 1502
Montevideo, 11200

Rafael Piñeiro

Universidad Católica del Uruguay ( email )

Av 8 de Octubre
Montevideo, Montevideo

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