Unbundling Criminal Trial Rights
25 Pages Posted: 27 Aug 2014 Last revised: 4 Sep 2015
Date Written: January 9, 2015
The notion that criminal defendants are put to an all-or-nothing choice between the guilty plea and full-blown jury trial is both pervasive and wrong. Defendants can, and sometimes do, “unbundle” their jury-trial rights and trade them piecemeal, consenting to streamlined trial procedures to reduce their sentencing exposure. This Article explores what happens if, once and for all, we eschew the all-or-nothing framework and actually encourage these “unbundled bargains.” The parties could then tailor court procedures by agreement. Defendants, for example, could bargain for sentencing leniency by consenting to a six-person jury. Or the parties could agree to submit a case to private arbitration. Would such a world be better or worse than the one we have now? This Article takes a first cut at this question, making the uneasy case that the benefits of unbundled bargaining plausibly outweigh the costs.
Keywords: criminal procedure, criminal, bargaining, plea bargaining, waiver, trial, adjudication
JEL Classification: K14, K41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation