District Governance and Student Learning in Indonesia

18 Pages Posted: 14 Aug 2014 Last revised: 24 Oct 2014

See all articles by Menno Prasad Pradhan

Menno Prasad Pradhan

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics; University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB)

Joppe de Ree

World Bank; Asian Development Bank

Date Written: June 2014

Abstract

We document the likely importance of district governance and teacher management policies in relation to student learning in Indonesian primary schools. As the responsibility to deliver primary education has been decentralized to district governments, we expect district-specific variations in teacher management policies. Consequently, we also expect variations in learning trajectories across districts. We document substantial heterogeneity in learning gains across districts. Furthermore, we show that schools with more active teacher working groups and higher-qualified teachers achieve better learning gains. However, teacher management policy variables, including school budgets, participation rates in teacher working groups, or student-teacher ratios, can explain only a fraction of the differences in learning across districts. It is likely that the “quality” of operation matters. More detailed measurement is needed to further understanding of the heterogeneity in performance.

Keywords: education, school governance, student learning

JEL Classification: I21

Suggested Citation

Pradhan, Menno and de Ree, Joppe, District Governance and Student Learning in Indonesia (June 2014). Asian Development Bank Economics Working Paper Series No. 397, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2479722 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2479722

Menno Pradhan (Contact Author)

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, 1081HV
Netherlands
+31(0)20 444 6137 (Phone)
+31(0)20 444 6127 (Fax)

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB) ( email )

Roetersstraat 11
Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands

Joppe De Ree

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Asian Development Bank ( email )

6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550
Metro Manila
Philippines

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