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The Role of Historical Resource Constraints in Modern Gender Inequality: A Cross-Country Analysis

28 Pages Posted: 16 Aug 2014  

Gautam Hazarika

University of Texas at Brownsville; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Chandan Kumar Jha

Le Moyne College

Sudipta Sarangi

Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University

Abstract

We posit that historical resource scarcities played a role in the emergence of gender norms inimical to women, and that these cultural norms have persisted to this day. This thesis is supported by our finding that nations' historical resource endowments, as measured by the historical availability of arable land, are statistically significantly negatively related to their present levels of gender inequality, as gauged by the United Nations Development Programme's Gender Inequality Index.

Keywords: gender, history, culture, scarcity

JEL Classification: N90, O15

Suggested Citation

Hazarika, Gautam and Jha, Chandan Kumar and Sarangi, Sudipta, The Role of Historical Resource Constraints in Modern Gender Inequality: A Cross-Country Analysis. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8374. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2481563

Gautam Hazarika (Contact Author)

University of Texas at Brownsville ( email )

Brownsville, TX 78520
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Chandan Kumar Jha

Le Moyne College ( email )

Syracuse, NY 13214
United States

Sudipta Sarangi

Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University ( email )

Blacksburg, VA 24061
United States

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