Hepatitis B Immunization Coverage Evaluation Amongst Slum Children

Ind J Public Health Research Development, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2012

4 Pages Posted: 18 Aug 2014

See all articles by Sandeep Sachdeva

Sandeep Sachdeva

Independent

Utsuk Datta

National Institute of Health & Family Welfare

Date Written: August 16, 2014

Abstract

Objective: To determine Hepatitis B immunization coverage among children aged 12-23 months residing in slums

Methodology: Using cluster sampling technique based on probability proportional to size, 210 [30x7] resident children were contacted. The data was collected during Oct’ 2005 in the slums with approx. population of 429,130 in one randomly selected municipal zone of Delhi. Primary health facility (n=32) based performance reports for hepatitis b immunization was also assessed for data triangulation.

Result: Out of 210 eligible children, it was noticed that 100 (47.62%) had received all three doses of Hepatitis B vaccine whereas 19 (9.04%) and 17 (8.09%) received two & one dose respectively. The odd’s of a child receiving all three-doses was found to be significant for birth order-one [OR 2.13, 95% CI: 0.93 to 4.88], birth in health institution [OR 2.13, 95% CI: 1.06 to 4.28] and awareness of mother for Hepatitis B vaccine [OR 3.40, 95% CI: 1.64 to 7.03]. Religion and gender of child had no statistically significant bearing on receiving recommended hepatitis B doses. Overall, health facilities reported 44.6% hepatitis-B III dose.

Conclusion: Study reflects low Hepatitis b-III dose immunization coverage among children residing in slums.

Keywords: hepatitis b, immunization, coverage evaluation, vaccine, developing country, religion, hospital, lit

JEL Classification: I00

Suggested Citation

Sachdeva, Sandeep and Datta, Utsuk, Hepatitis B Immunization Coverage Evaluation Amongst Slum Children (August 16, 2014). Ind J Public Health Research Development, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2481769

Utsuk Datta

National Institute of Health & Family Welfare

Baba Ganganath Marg
Munirka DDA Flats
New Delhi, 110067
India

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