a Chacun Ses Sciences Participatives. Les Conditions D’Un Observatoire Participatif De La Biodiversité Sur Le Bassin D’Arcachon (To Each Participatory Sciences. Conditions for a Participatory Biodiversity Observatory at the Arcachon Bay)

SALLES, Denis, BOUET, Bruno, LARSEN, Maja and SAUTOUR, Benoit, To Each Participatory Sciences. Conditions for a Participatory Biodiversity Observatory at the Arcachon Bay, ESSACHESS - Journal for Communication Studies, Vol. 7, No 1(13), 2014.

14 Pages Posted: 18 Aug 2014 Last revised: 12 Feb 2019

Date Written: July 23, 2014

Abstract

French Abstract: Cet article analyse les conditions préalables à la création d’un observatoire de sciences participatives de la biodiversité sur le Bassin d’Arcachon. L’enquête sociologique révèle les tensions entre finalités utilitaristes de recueil de données, nouveau mode collaboratif de construction des savoirs, instrument de communication politique, et démarche de vigilance citoyenne ; entre définition concertée de principes d’organisation des dispositifs et contrôle de positions de pouvoir sur le territoire. Loin du consensus apparent sur la protection de la biodiversité, le positionnement des acteurs du territoire redéfinit les enjeux environnementaux, précise les relations sciences - société et esquisse de nouvelles hiérarchies des priorités de gestion.

English Abstract: This paper considers the social and scientific requirements for a citizen science monitoring programme on biodiversity in Arcachon Bay (France). The sociological study reveals tensions between different conceptions of what a citizen science programme should be: a means for storing oriented-data; a new way to co-create scientific knowledge; a political communication tool; a way to develop citizen stewardship; or a place for expressing activist environmental demands. Citizen science programmes also tend to reveal tensions between participatory governance and classical management of environmental issues. Despite a seeming consensus amongst actors on biodiversity conservation, in practice contests over different citizen science conceptions have the potential to re-define environmental issues, to re-specify relationships between science and society and outline new management priorities.

Note: Downloadable document is in French.

Keywords: contested conceptions of citizen science, biodiversity management renewal, public participation, science society interactions

Suggested Citation

Salles, Denis, a Chacun Ses Sciences Participatives. Les Conditions D’Un Observatoire Participatif De La Biodiversité Sur Le Bassin D’Arcachon (To Each Participatory Sciences. Conditions for a Participatory Biodiversity Observatory at the Arcachon Bay) (July 23, 2014). SALLES, Denis, BOUET, Bruno, LARSEN, Maja and SAUTOUR, Benoit, To Each Participatory Sciences. Conditions for a Participatory Biodiversity Observatory at the Arcachon Bay, ESSACHESS - Journal for Communication Studies, Vol. 7, No 1(13), 2014.. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2481800

Denis Salles (Contact Author)

Irstea ( email )

UR ETBX
50 avenue de Verdun
Cestas, F-33612
United States

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