Internet-Based Entrepreneurial Finance: Lessons from Germany
36 Pages Posted: 18 Aug 2014 Last revised: 31 Jan 2018
Date Written: July 24, 2017
The Internet-based crowdinvesting market in Europe has developed significantly since its start in 2007 and has become an alternative source of finance for entrepreneurs to sell securities through the Internet to small investors. This market evidences a great variety in platform design and contract forms used by crowdinvesting platforms. By analyzing more detailed, hand-collected data on the complete set of successful and unsuccessful crowdinvesting campaigns run in Germany, this article tests whether different platform and contractual mechanisms affect crowd participation. The results show that crowd participation is largest when the minimum ticket size is small, the crowd is pooled in a financial vehicle, and the crowd is offered investments in the form of profit-participating loans. Moreover, the very same mechanisms increase the chances of achieving successful campaigns and raising a larger amount.
Keywords: entrepreneurial finance, crowdinvesting, equity crowdfunding
JEL Classification: G3, L26, M13, K22
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