Learned Helplessness of Prisoners: Psychology and Knowledge Management Perspective
Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Knowledge Management, 1, 1-7 (2014)
25 Pages Posted: 23 Aug 2014 Last revised: 10 Jul 2015
Date Written: September 4, 2014
The author posits that knowledge creation and management nowadays do not occur in prisons in Indonesia since the existence of learned helplessness phenomena among its prisoners. This study contributes by identifying predictor variables of prisoner's learned helplessness. The design of this research is quantitative-predictive correlational design. This research hypothesized that social rejection and three types of neurotic personality orientations (moving away from people, moving against people, and moving toward people) are able to predict learned helplessness of prisoners. As it is known in the literature of Knowledge Management, learned helplessness lessens one's effort to understand complex issues. In addition, prospective approach to knowledge management suggests that learned helplessness should be transformed into learned optimism. The participants of this research were 163 inmates from Cipinang IA Penitentiary Institution and Pondok Bambu IIA Prison in DKI Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia. The measurement tools of this study were adapted and developed from Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire, Karen Horney's Three Orientations, and Learned Helplessness Scales. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that social rejection and the tendency of "moving toward" are not able to predict learned helplessness. The tendency of "moving away" and of "moving against" are able to predict learned helplessness in the negative ways. All results of this research will be discussed by employing relevant psychological theories and knowledge management perspective. The implication of result of this research toward efforts in facilitating learning as well as knowledge creation and management of prisoners in prison is proposed in the Discussion section of this article. The authors are of the position that if all these things are well facilitated, the prisoners will be a valuable social capital for Indonesia.
Keywords: learned helplessness, knowledge management, psychology
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