Agriculture for Development in Iraq: Estimating the Impacts of Achieving the Agricultural Targets of the National Development Plan 2013-2017 on Economic Growth, Incomes, and Gender Equality

28 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2014

See all articles by Azhr Al-Haboby

Azhr Al-Haboby

International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)

Clemens Breisinger

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Dario Debowicz

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) - CGIAR Consortium

Jenna Ferguson

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Teunis Van Rheenen

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Roberto Telleria

International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)

Date Written: May 30, 2014

Abstract

This paper estimates the potential effects of achieving the agricultural goals set out in Iraq’s National Development Plan (NDP) 2013-2017 using a dynamic computable general equilibrium model. The findings suggest that raising agricultural productivity in accordance with the NDP may more than double average agricultural growth rates and add an average of 0.7 percent each year to economy-wide gross domestic product during the duration of the plan. As a consequence, the economy not only diversifies into agriculture, but agricultural growth also lifts growth in the food processing and service sectors. Achieving the yield targets for cereals (especially wheat) and for fruits and vegetables will have the largest impact on economic growth and household incomes. Household incomes will rise by an estimated 3.3 percent annually. This increase in household incomes will benefit the poorest households and female-headed urban households the most due to a combination of lower food prices and higher incomes from labor and land. Reaping these benefits from agricultural growth will critically depend on the implementation of policies and investments to ensure that additional agricultural produce can be marketed efficiently domestically and compete with imports.

Keywords: agricultural development, Agricultural growth, Agricultural policies, dynamic computable general equilibrium, Economic development, economic growth, Gender, Poverty, Women

Suggested Citation

Al-Haboby, Azhr and Breisinger, Clemens and Debowicz, Dario and Ferguson, Jenna and Van Rheenen, Teunis and Telleria, Roberto, Agriculture for Development in Iraq: Estimating the Impacts of Achieving the Agricultural Targets of the National Development Plan 2013-2017 on Economic Growth, Incomes, and Gender Equality (May 30, 2014). IFPRI Discussion Paper 01349. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2483970 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2483970

Azhr Al-Haboby (Contact Author)

International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) ( email )

Tunisia

Clemens Breisinger

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

2033 K Street, NW
Washington, DC 20006
United States

Dario Debowicz

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) - CGIAR Consortium ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Jenna Ferguson

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Teunis Van Rheenen

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Roberto Telleria

International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) ( email )

Tunisia

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