Assessing the Economic Benefits of Sustainable Land Management Practices in Bhutan

64 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2014

See all articles by Ephraim Nkonya

Ephraim Nkonya

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Raghavan Srinivasan

Texas A&M University (TAMU)

Weston Anderson

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Edward Kato

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Date Written: July 1, 2014

Abstract

This study was conducted with the objective of determining the returns to sustainable land management (SLM) at the national level in Bhutan. The study first uses satellite data on land change (Landsat) to examine land use change in 1990–2010 and its impact on sediment loading in hydroelectric power plants. The study then uses the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model to analyze the impact of land use change and land management on sediment loading. The results from the land use change and SWAT analyses are used to assess the economic benefits of SLM. We estimate the benefits and costs of SLM practices and compare them with the land-degrading practices that are most prevalent in Bhutan — that is, business as usual. An analysis of the drivers of adoption of SLM practices is also done to draw conclusions about strategies that Bhutan could use to enhance adoption of SLM practices.

Keywords: hydroelectric power, Land degradation, Land management, Land use, soil and water assessment tool, soil fertility, Sustainability, Sustainable land management

Suggested Citation

Nkonya, Ephraim and Srinivasan, Raghavan and Anderson, Weston and Kato, Edward, Assessing the Economic Benefits of Sustainable Land Management Practices in Bhutan (July 1, 2014). IFPRI Discussion Paper 01361. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2483995 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2483995

Ephraim Nkonya (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Raghavan Srinivasan

Texas A&M University (TAMU) ( email )

Langford Building A
798 Ross St.
College Station, TX 77843-3137
United States

Weston Anderson

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.ifpri.org

Edward Kato

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

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