29 Pages Posted: 31 Dec 2000
Date Written: December 2002
We examine a set of equity index-linked bonds that provide the same payoff as an investment in an equity index but are relatively illiquid. We demonstrate that these securities sell at a discount relative to their underlying value and hence have higher expected returns. We show that this apparent mispricing can be attributed to the illiquidity of the bonds. Trading costs for equity-linked bonds, as measured by bid-ask spreads, are free of any asymmetric information or inventory holding cost component; hence the only illiquidity component left is clearing costs. This study shows that even in the absence of asymmetric information and inventory holding costs, illiquidity depresses asset prices and therefore increases expected security returns. We have time series for more than a decade of a clean measure of the expected return premium due to illiquidity. This enables us to link time variation in the illiquidity premium to security-specific attributes related to their marketability. We show that liquidity risk has a systematic component, and relate this market-wide factor to a number of macroeconomic variables that have previously been shown to be related to illiquidity.
Keywords: Illiquidity, equity returns
JEL Classification: G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Dimson, Elroy and Hanke, Bernd, The Expected Illiquidity Premium: Evidence from Equity Index-Linked Bonds (December 2002). London Business School Accounting Subject Area No. 014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=248617 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.248617
By Andrew Ang