A Moment Based Analytic Approximation of the Risk-neutral Density of American Options
44 Pages Posted: 25 Aug 2014 Last revised: 4 Feb 2018
Date Written: August 22, 2014
The price of a European option can be computed as the expected value of the payoff function under the risk-neutral measure. For American options and path-dependent options in general, this principle cannot be applied. In this paper, we derive a model-free analytical formula for the implied risk-neutral density based on the implied moments of the implicit European contract under which the expected value will be the price of the equivalent payoff with the American exercise condition. The risk-neutral density is semi-parametric as it is the result of applying the multivariate generalised Edgeworth expansion (MGEE), where the moments of the American density are obtained by a reverse engineering application of the Longstaff and Schwartz (2001) least-squares method (LSM). The theory of multivariate truncated moments is employed for approximating the option price, with important consequences for the hedging of variance, skewness, and kurtosis swaps.
Keywords: Multi-asset Risk-neutral Density, American Multi-asset Options, Higher-order Moments
JEL Classification: G13, C63
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation