A State Level Analysis of the Status of Social Sector in India

Proceedings of the International Conference on Social Sector Development: Issues, Challenges and Policy, Institute of Public Enterprise, Hyderabad, India, 27-28 November, 2014

13 Pages Posted: 28 Aug 2014 Last revised: 6 Apr 2017

See all articles by Purusottam Nayak

Purusottam Nayak

North-Eastern Hill University

Sudhanshu K. Mishra

North-Eastern Hill University (NEHU)

Date Written: August 27, 2014

Abstract

Social sector with the objective to satisfy the welfare needs of the people and to correct the imbalances in the economy claims a sizeable proportion of the public expenditure and has emerged as a significant sector. This paper in this regard is a state level analysis on the growth of public expenditure vis-à-vis status of social sector in India using secondary data for the period from 1990-91 to 2012-13. Status of social sector has been ascertained through construction of composite indices based on available important techniques using 12 indicators variables on health and education. The findings reveal that in India, especially after the year 2000-01, the allocation of resources on the social sector has gained momentum. It is observed that population-wise smaller states such as Mizoram, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Himachal Pradesh, Goa, Puducherry and Uttarakhand with more development-oriented attitude have achieved a good progress on social sector. On the other hand, states such as Punjab, Kerala, Jharkhand, Bihar, W. Bengal, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu and Tripura are at the lower end. To further improve the status of social sector in different states/UTs it is important that the public expenditure on this sector keeps its pace undaunted, but, perhaps, it is more important that fiscal and financial management is streamlined and its governance is improved.

Keywords: Social Sector, Public Expenditure, Composite Index, Education, Health, India

Suggested Citation

Nayak, Purusottam and Mishra, Sudhanshu K., A State Level Analysis of the Status of Social Sector in India (August 27, 2014). Proceedings of the International Conference on Social Sector Development: Issues, Challenges and Policy, Institute of Public Enterprise, Hyderabad, India, 27-28 November, 2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2487771 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2487771

Purusottam Nayak (Contact Author)

North-Eastern Hill University ( email )

Department of Economics
Shillong, Meghalaya 793022
India
91-364-2723183 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://pnayak.webs.com/

Sudhanshu K. Mishra

North-Eastern Hill University (NEHU) ( email )

NEHU Campus
Shillong, 793022
India
03642550102 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.nehu-economics.info

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