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Shuttle Planning for Link Closures in Urban Public Transport Networks

31 Pages Posted: 29 Aug 2014  

Evelien van der Hurk

Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)

Haris N. Koutsopoulos

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Nigel Wilson

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

L. G. Kroon

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Department of Technology and Operations Management; Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM); NS Reizigers - Department of Logistics

Gabor Maroti

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Rotterdam School of Management (RSM)

Date Written: August 29, 2014

Abstract

Urban Public Transport systems must periodically close certain links for main- tenance, which can have significant effects on the service provided to passengers. In practice, the effects of closures are mitigated by replacing the link with a simple shuttle service. However, alternative shuttle services could reduce inconvenience at lower op- erating cost. This paper proposes a model to select shuttle lines and frequencies under budget constraints. A new formulation is proposed that allows a minimal frequency restriction on any line that is operated, and minimizes passenger inconvenience cost, including transfers and frequency-dependent waiting time. This model is applied to a shuttle design problem based on a real world case study of the MBTA network of Boston (USA). The results show that additional shuttle routes can reduce passenger delay in comparison to the standard industry practice, while also distributing delay more equally over passengers, at the same operating budget. The results are robust under different assumptions about passenger route choice behavior. Computational experiments show that the proposed formulation, coupled with a preprocessing step, can be solved faster than prior formulations.

Suggested Citation

van der Hurk, Evelien and Koutsopoulos, Haris N. and Wilson, Nigel and Kroon, L. G. and Maroti, Gabor, Shuttle Planning for Link Closures in Urban Public Transport Networks (August 29, 2014). ERIM Report Series Reference No. ERS-2014-011 LIS. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2489056 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2489056

Evelien Van der Hurk (Contact Author)

Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

Haris N. Koutsopoulos

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

77 Massachusetts Avenue
Room 1-290
Cambridge, MA 02139-4307
United States

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Lindstedtsvägen 30-100 44
Stockholm
Sweden

Nigel Wilson

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

77 Massachusetts Avenue
Room 1-290
Cambridge, MA 02139-4307
United States

Leo Kroon

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Department of Technology and Operations Management ( email )

RSM Erasmus University
PO Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands
+31 0 10 408 1957 (Phone)
+31 0 10 408 9010 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://web.eur.nl/fbk/dep/dep1/Introduction/Staff/People/Kroon

Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

NS Reizigers - Department of Logistics

3500 HA Utrecht
Netherlands

Gabor Maroti

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Rotterdam School of Management (RSM) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
Room T08-21
3000 DR Rotterdam, 3000 DR
Netherlands

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