Assessing the Use of Communal Feedlot in Empowering Women Farmers: A Case of Mount Frere Cattle Custom Feeding Scheme
8 Pages Posted: 1 Sep 2014
Date Written: August 31, 2014
Prior to the democratic dispensation in South Africa in 1994, women were not actively involved in the economic activities of both household and the country. These patriarchal customs have resulted in the limited influence of women in various sectors of the economy. These customs appears to more prevalent in the poverty stricken rural areas where women do have limited rights and privileges to challenge and own businesses as compared to the male individuals. On the other hand, the customized feedlot model provides an effective tool for mainstreaming the communal livestock farmers. This can be attributed to the net monetary value of the direct benefits from using the model. The customized feedlot model is capable of making communal livestock farmers to adapt to changing consumer taste and preference as far as beef is concerned. The aim of the study was to find out whether or not gender differences accounted for different economic outcomes in women and men beneficiaries in the customized feedlot model developed and supported by South African government and its partners. The Participatory Action Research method (involving a sample of 80 communal farmers) was used to collect the data. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected. These data sets were analyzed using SPSS software and focus sessions. A univariate analysis of variance was conducted. The results revealed that women derive more (R5 395.6 ± 514.88) profit in communal feedlots relative to (R3730.59 ± 1491.97) the male counterpart. The gender variable was found to be statistically significant (F= 6.098, 0.016, p<0.05). The difference in profit in these businesses attributed by gender was found to be 7.3%. The model used represented 6.1% of the outcome. Levene’s test was violated due to its significant difference at 95% confident interval. In addition, women appear to participate less in this type of farming due traditional practices of livestock ownership in these rural areas. The study seems to suggest that participation of women in farming activities attracts more profit than the counterparts. Therefore, an effort to increase the women participation may be beneficial to women empowerment in poor rural areas of South Africa.
Keywords: Customized, communal, women, customs, feedlot
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