Welfare and Redistributive Models

In 'Inequalities During and After Transition in Central and Eastern Europe', edited by Cristiano Perugini and Fabrizio Pompei, Palgrave, 2015 Forthcoming.

34 Pages Posted: 3 Sep 2014

See all articles by Martin Myant

Martin Myant

University of the West of Scotland

Jan Drahokoupil

University of Mannheim - Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES); European Trade Union Institute (ETUI)

Date Written: September 1, 2014

Abstract

This chapter analyzes the evolution of welfare states and redistributive models in Eastern Europe and in the countries belonging to the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The highest levels of total social spending and degrees of redistribution were consolidated in countries with political democracy and established interest representation. They were lowest in countries with autocratic power structures that exclude competing opinions and inputs from society. Substantial redistributional systems have thus emerged in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs), which combine social-democratic, corporatist and liberal elements. Baltic Republics exemplified a more rapid and consistent development towards the liberal model. Pressures towards more private provision were present throughout Eastern Europe. In many of these countries universalist principles were undermined by a prevalence of informal payments for health services. The experience in CIS countries was different due to initial periods of state failure, which were followed by a more chaotic route to minimalist and marketised systems.

Keywords: welfare states, redistribution, Eastern Europe; Commonwealth of Independent States, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine

JEL Classification: H55, P26, H31, O15, D31

Suggested Citation

Myant, Martin and Drahokoupil, Jan, Welfare and Redistributive Models (September 1, 2014). In 'Inequalities During and After Transition in Central and Eastern Europe', edited by Cristiano Perugini and Fabrizio Pompei, Palgrave, 2015 Forthcoming.. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2489839

Martin Myant

University of the West of Scotland ( email )

Paisley High Street
PA1 2BE
Paisley, Scotland PA1 2BE
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.paisley.ac.uk/schoolsdepts/business/cces/researchers/martin-myant.asp

Jan Drahokoupil (Contact Author)

University of Mannheim - Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES) ( email )

D-68131 Mannheim
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://drahokoupil.blogspot.com

European Trade Union Institute (ETUI) ( email )

B-1210 Brussels
Belgium

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