Gli Incubatori D’Impresa in Italia (Business Incubators in Italy)

67 Pages Posted: 2 Sep 2014

See all articles by Marta Auricchio

Marta Auricchio

Bank of Italy

Marco Cantamessa

Polytechnic University of Turin

Alessandra Colombelli

Polytechnic University of Turin

Roberto Cullino

Bank of Italy

Andrea Orame

Bank of Italy

Emilio Paolucci

Polytechnic University of Turin - Department of Operation and Business Management

Date Written: April 23, 2014

Abstract

Italian Abstract: Nella fase prolungata di bassa crescita economica che caratterizza l’economia italiana il tema delle start-up innovative e degli strumenti che possono favorirne la nascita e lo sviluppo assume particolare rilievo. Gli incubatori d’impresa rappresentano una delle soluzioni proposte dalla letteratura economica e realizzate concretamente in numerosi paesi per promuovere le nuove imprese ad alto tasso di innovazione. Questo lavoro, avvalendosi di un’indagine sul campo condotta su un ampio numero di incubatori italiani e su un campione di imprese che hanno intrapreso il processo di incubazione, delinea le principali caratteristiche dell’attività di incubazione nel nostro paese. Gli incubatori italiani hanno dimensioni mediamente contenute e sono largamente dipendenti dai contributi pubblici. Essi offrono prevalentemente servizi di natura logistica e, con minore frequenza, servizi a più alto valore aggiunto di consulenza e di networking. Secondo le valutazioni delle imprese, gli incubatori sono uno strumento utile, anche se non fondamentale, per il successo delle nuove iniziative imprenditoriali.

English Abstract: The Italian economy has suffered from structural problems for the last fifteen years, which have weakened its competitiveness. The innovation gap, by international standards, is one of those problems. Business incubators are one of the solutions proposed in the economic literature and put into practice in many countries in order to increase the birth and survival rates of extremely innovative firms. With the help of an empirical survey of a highly representative sample of Italian business incubators and a significant subset of incubated start-ups, this paper draws an institutional and functional map of business incubators in Italy. Italian incubators are mostly small and heavily dependent on public funding. They mainly provide logistical services, less frequently higher value added ones like consulting and networking. According to the firms interviewed, the role played by incubators is on average useful but not essential for the success of the start-up.

Note: Downloadable document is in Italian.

Keywords: innovation, start-up, public policy

JEL Classification: M13, G28, O31

Suggested Citation

Auricchio, Marta and Cantamessa, Marco and Colombelli, Alessandra and Cullino, Roberto and Orame, Andrea and Paolucci, Emilio, Gli Incubatori D’Impresa in Italia (Business Incubators in Italy) (April 23, 2014). Bank of Italy Occasional Paper No. 216, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2489882 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2489882

Marta Auricchio (Contact Author)

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Marco Cantamessa

Polytechnic University of Turin ( email )

Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24
Torino, Torino 10129
Italy

Alessandra Colombelli

Polytechnic University of Turin ( email )

Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24
Torino, Torino 10129
Italy

Roberto Cullino

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Andrea Orame

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Emilio Paolucci

Polytechnic University of Turin - Department of Operation and Business Management ( email )

Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24
Torino, Torino 10129
Italy
+39 011 5647240 (Phone)
+39 011 5647299 (Fax)

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