The Impact of Family Composition on Educational Achievement

49 Pages Posted: 2 Sep 2014 Last revised: 11 May 2016

See all articles by Stacey Chen

Stacey Chen

National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies

Yen-Chien Chen

National Taiwan University

Jin‐Tan Liu

National Taiwan University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: August 2014

Abstract

Parents preferring sons tend to go on to have more children until a boy is born, and to concentrate investment in boys for a given number of children (sibsize). Thus, having a brother may affect child education in two ways: an indirect effect by keeping sibsize lower and a direct rivalry effect where sibsize remains constant. We estimate the direct and indirect effects of a next brother on the first child’s education conditional on potential sibsize. We address endogenous sibsize using twins. We find new evidence of sibling rivalry and gender bias that cannot be detected by conventional methods.

Suggested Citation

Chen, Stacey and Chen, Yen-Chien and Liu, Jin-Tan, The Impact of Family Composition on Educational Achievement (August 2014). NBER Working Paper No. w20443, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2490328

Stacey Chen (Contact Author)

National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies ( email )

7-22-1 Roppongi, Minato-Ku
Tokyo 106-8677, Tokyo 106-8677
Japan

Yen-Chien Chen

National Taiwan University ( email )

Jin-Tan Liu

National Taiwan University - Department of Economics ( email )

21 Hsu-Chow Road
Taipei, 10020
Taiwan

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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