Preference Heterogeneity and Adoption of Environmental Health Improvements: Evidence from a Cookstove Promotion Experiment

45 Pages Posted: 4 Sep 2014

See all articles by Marc Jeuland

Marc Jeuland

Duke University - Sanford School of Public Policy

Subhrendu K. Pattanayak

Duke University

Jie Sheng Tan Soo

Duke University - Nicholas School of the Environment

Date Written: September 2, 2014

Abstract

Household preferences should influence adoption of environmental health-improving technologies, but there has been limited empirical research to isolate their importance, perhaps due to challenges of measurement and attribution. This paper explores heterogeneity in household preferences for different features of improved cookstoves (ICS) and assesses the degree to which these preferences are associated with actual adoption of electric and biomass-burning cookstoves during a randomized stove promotion campaign in northern India. Latent class analysis of data from a discrete choice experiment conducted in baseline surveys of 1,060 households identified three preference types: disinterested (54%), low demand but primarily interested in reduced smoke emissions (27%), and high demand with interest in most features of the ICS (20%). The ICS intervention, which was stratified according to communities’ prior history of interactions with the NGO marketing the stoves, was then randomized to 762 of these households. The main findings are that households in the disinterested class are less likely to purchase an ICS, that preference class is more strongly related to stove purchase than common sociodemographic drivers of technology adoption identified in the literature, and that distaste for smoke emissions appears to be a particularly strong driver for adoption of an electric ICS.

Keywords: Improved cookstoves, discrete choice experiment, latent class analysis, field experiment, India

JEL Classification: C93, D12, Q41, Q53

Suggested Citation

Jeuland, Marc and Pattanayak, Subhrendu K. and Tan Soo, Jie Sheng, Preference Heterogeneity and Adoption of Environmental Health Improvements: Evidence from a Cookstove Promotion Experiment (September 2, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2490530 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2490530

Marc Jeuland (Contact Author)

Duke University - Sanford School of Public Policy ( email )

201 Science Drive
Box 90312
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Subhrendu K. Pattanayak

Duke University ( email )

100 Fuqua Drive
Durham, NC 27708-0204
United States

Jie Sheng Tan Soo

Duke University - Nicholas School of the Environment ( email )

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