The Effect of Rehabilitative Punishments on Juvenile Crime and Labor Market Outcomes

54 Pages Posted: 6 Sep 2014

See all articles by Kristiina Huttunen

Kristiina Huttunen

Uppsala University

Sari Pekkala Kerr

Charles River Associates (CRA)

Ville Mälkönen

Government of the Republic of Finland - VATT Institute for Economic Research

Abstract

This paper estimates the effect of a rehabilitative punishment on the post-release outcomes of juvenile criminals using a unique Finnish data set on sentences and punishments merged with the longitudinal population census for 1990-2007. The rehabilitative program was aimed at improving the social skills and labor market attachment of young offenders aged 15 to 17. A variety of research designs are used to isolate the effect of the juvenile punishment and to control for observable characteristics of the young offenders. The juvenile punishment experiment was initially conducted in certain criminal courts only and was applicable for youths aged under 18, giving rise to a differences-in-differences and triple differences setup. The juvenile punishment reduced reoffending during the year immediately after sentencing, but had no long-term effect on reoffending nor on labor market outcomes.

Keywords: juvenile crime, punishments, rehabilitation, recidivism, earnings, employment

JEL Classification: K14, K42, J29

Suggested Citation

Huttunen, Kristiina and Pekkala Kerr, Sari and Mälkönen, Ville, The Effect of Rehabilitative Punishments on Juvenile Crime and Labor Market Outcomes. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8403, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2492430

Kristiina Huttunen (Contact Author)

Uppsala University ( email )

Box 513
Uppsala, 751 20
Sweden

Sari Pekkala Kerr

Charles River Associates (CRA) ( email )

1201 F. St. NW
Ste. 700
Washington, DC 20004
United States

Ville Mälkönen

Government of the Republic of Finland - VATT Institute for Economic Research ( email )

Arkadiankatu 7
P.O Box 1279
Helsinki, FIN-00531
Finland

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