The Role of Human Development on Deforestation in Africa: A Modelling-Based Approach

International Journal of Green Economics. 6(4), pp. 317-330 (2012).

23 Pages Posted: 9 Sep 2014 Last revised: 1 Apr 2015

See all articles by Simplice Asongu

Simplice Asongu

African Governance and Development Institute

Brian Jingwa

Hasselt University

Date Written: January 8, 2012

Abstract

The rate of deforestation in Africa is of paramount concern not only to the future of Africa, but also to the world. This study uses country-level data to model changes in forest area over an 18 year period (1990-2007) in 35 African countries and investigates the role played by important development indicators of human development. The results reveal that the net loss of forests was 0.19% every year between 1990 and 2007. This implies a total of 3.42% of forest was lost in the 18 year period. This is more in line with estimates obtained by the Food and Agricultural Organization (0.56% between1990-2000 and 0.49% between 2000-2010). Human development which involves life expectancy, education and income is found to have a positive effect on forest growth and conservation, while cutting down trees for wood fuel is a significant cause of deforestation. Using generalized linear mixed models and generalised estimating equations, we were able to calculate expected estimates of forest area for 2010, 2020 and 2030 under the assumption that nothing is done to change observed trends. In many countries, progress has been made in reforestation, forest protection and conservation. However, if indiscriminate cutting down of trees is not checked, many countries will lose most or all of their forests by 2030.

Keywords: Deforestation; Environment; Human development index; Agriculture; Data modelling; Africa

JEL Classification: C33; C36; C50; O13; Q23; I10

Suggested Citation

Asongu, Simplice and Jingwa, Brian, The Role of Human Development on Deforestation in Africa: A Modelling-Based Approach (January 8, 2012). International Journal of Green Economics. 6(4), pp. 317-330 (2012). . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2493274 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2493274

Simplice Asongu (Contact Author)

African Governance and Development Institute ( email )

P.O. Box 8413
Yaoundé, 8413
Cameroon

Brian Jingwa

Hasselt University ( email )

Agoralaan - building D
Gebouw D
Diepenbeek, 3590
Belgium

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
29
Abstract Views
334
PlumX Metrics