Al-Qaeda, ISIS, Boko Haram and Forms of Rebellion in the 21st Century in the Vacuum of Ottoman Soviet 'Collapse'

36 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2014 Last revised: 6 Apr 2015

See all articles by Niccolo Leo Caldararo

Niccolo Leo Caldararo

San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology

Date Written: September 9, 2014

Abstract

Today around the world, from the uprisings in India by traditional peoples against the Vedanta mining & development schemes (Anon, 2014), in Panama the Ngobe-Bugle Indian tribe, to the massacre in the Amazonas Province of Peru, Native people are striving to protect their lands from resource extraction and environmental pollution (Létourneau, 2014). No ideology unites them, no international organization can protect them from armies and corporate militias and death squads. National governments call those who resist “terrorists” and so class any actions of self-defense. We have entered an era of global conflict between traditional peoples and corporations where one way of life is being exterminated. While it is in general a continuation of the assault of western colonialism, today’s indigenous rebels instead of being considered devil worshipers are now seen as minions of terror. At the same time international confrontations and competition for resources are escalating. The defeat of the USSR is often described as a “collapse” of authority and transition to a new civil entity, Russia, but like the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, it has resulted in a dismemberment of the Soviet Empire. Where the Middle East remains unstable 100 years after the Ottoman defeat, the Russian periphery has become unstable in both independence movements along its southern borders as well as those flanking Europe. The demise of both empires threatens the stability of the world today.

Keywords: al-Qaeda, ISIS, terrorism, repression, Boko Haram, Iraq, Afghanistan

JEL Classification: C70, I30, J15, N30, N40, O30, P00, Z10

Suggested Citation

Caldararo, Niccolo Leo, Al-Qaeda, ISIS, Boko Haram and Forms of Rebellion in the 21st Century in the Vacuum of Ottoman Soviet 'Collapse' (September 9, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2494027 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2494027

Niccolo Leo Caldararo (Contact Author)

San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology ( email )

1600 Holloway Ave.
San Francisco, CA 94132
United States
415-453-9064 (Phone)

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