Options and Central Banks Currency Market Intervention: The Case of Colombia
36 Pages Posted: 11 Sep 2014
Date Written: September 2014
Several central banks in emerging economies are concerned with excessive volatility in foreign exchange markets and would like to control the direction and speed with which the value of their currency changes. Historically, currency market interventions have consisted of using foreign exchange reserves to purchase and sell foreign currency directly in the spot market. However, these spot interventions are not the only type of interventions available to central banks. The Colombian central bank implemented various strategies to intervene into currency markets to smooth volatility, build reserves, and influence the direction of the exchange rate by issuing options contracts as well as using daily discretionary purchases of US dollars. In this paper we analyze these recent strategies employed by Colombia, with a special focus on the volatility option strategy. We argue that the abandonment of the options program was premature and that its success was not fully appreciated in previous literature.
Keywords: Exchange Rates, Intervention, Foreign Exchange Markets, Currency Options, International Reserves, International Finance
JEL Classification: F31, G15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation