Direct and Cross-Scheme Effects in a Research and Development Subsidy Program

37 Pages Posted: 13 Sep 2014

See all articles by Hanna Hottenrott

Hanna Hottenrott

Technische Universität München (TUM)

Cindy Lopes-Bento

K.U.Leuven; ZEW

Reinhilde Veugelers

Catholic University of Leuven (KUL) - Department of Applied Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 2014

Abstract

This study investigates the effects of an R&D subsidy scheme on participating firms’ net R&D investment. Making use of a specific policy design in Belgium that explicitly distinguishes between research and development grants, we estimate direct and cross-scheme effects on research versus development intensities in recipients firms. We find positive direct effects from research (development) subsidies on net research (development) spending. This direct effect is larger for research grants than for development grants. We also find cross-scheme effects that may arise due to complementarity between research and development activities. Finally, we find that the magnitude of the treatment effects depends on firm size and age and that there is a minimum effective grant size, especially for research projects. The results support the view that public subsidies induce higher additional investment particularly in research where market failures are larger, even when the subsidies are targeting development.

Keywords: R&D, Complementarity, Research Subsidies, Development Subsidies, Innovation Policy

JEL Classification: H23, O31, O38

Suggested Citation

Hottenrott, Hanna and Lopes-Bento, Cindy and Veugelers, Reinhilde, Direct and Cross-Scheme Effects in a Research and Development Subsidy Program (July 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2495352 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2495352

Hanna Hottenrott (Contact Author)

Technische Universität München (TUM) ( email )

Arcisstrasse 21
Munich, 80333
Germany

Cindy Lopes-Bento

K.U.Leuven ( email )

Oude Markt 13
Leuven, Vlaams-Brabant 3000
Belgium

ZEW ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
L 7,1
D-68034 Mannheim, 68034
Germany

Reinhilde Veugelers

Catholic University of Leuven (KUL) - Department of Applied Economics ( email )

Leuven, B-3000
Belgium
+32 16 32 6908 (Phone)
+32 16 32 6732 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

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