Contact Comes First: A Two-Step Model of Paying Bribes

University of Strathclyde Studies in Public Policy No. 508

36 Pages Posted: 16 Sep 2014 Last revised: 3 Feb 2015

See all articles by Richard Rose

Richard Rose

University of Strathclyde - Center for the Study of Public Policy; European Union Institute

Caryn Peiffer

Developmental Leadership Program

Date Written: October 31, 2013

Abstract

We develop an innovative two-step model in which contact with a public service is a necessary but not sufficient condition for paying a bribe. This identifies three groups: those without contact; those having contact but not paying a bribe; and those paying a bribe for a service they have contacted. We test hypotheses about why contact and bribery vary with individual characteristics, public services and national context using survey data from the 24-country 2012 Latin American Public Opinion Project. Heckman’s multi-level probit statistical method controls for the effect of selection bias in contacting education, health, courts and local government services, refining and altering influences on the payment of bribes found in a single-step model. Variations in individual social and political capital and national context are more often significant than individual socio-economic resources.

Keywords: Bribery, Corruption, Public services, Latin America, Bureaucracy

Suggested Citation

Rose, Richard and Peiffer, Caryn, Contact Comes First: A Two-Step Model of Paying Bribes (October 31, 2013). University of Strathclyde Studies in Public Policy No. 508, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2496339

Richard Rose (Contact Author)

University of Strathclyde - Center for the Study of Public Policy ( email )

Glasgow, Scotland G1 1XQ
United Kingdom

European Union Institute ( email )

Via dei Roccettini 9
50014 San Domenico di Fiesole
Florence, Florence 50014
Italy

Caryn Peiffer

Developmental Leadership Program ( email )

Edgbaston
Birmingham, B15 2TT
United Kingdom

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