Skills Development for SMEs: Mapping of Key Initiatives in India

Institutions and Economies, 7(2): 120-143, 2015

23 Pages Posted: 22 Sep 2014 Last revised: 12 May 2016

See all articles by Anup Das

Anup Das

Jawaharlal Nehru University

Date Written: August 3, 2015


The purpose of this paper is to critically examine national skills development initiatives in India as the country embarks on building skilled manpower to meet the demand of SME sectors in the coming decade. This paper identifies two national level programmes namely, National Skill Development Mission (NSDM) and National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) which are implemented by an array of organisations in PPP (public-private partnership) mode. National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), a major actor for NSDM, has identified 21 high-growth sectors and formulated action plan for skills development in those sectors. NRLM’s Aajeevika Skill Development Programme and its sub-schemes ensure skills building of rural youth and help them in coming out of poverty. This paper identifies how skills building of rural youth will lead to job-diversification and lift them out of poverty through placement-linked skills-based jobs. This research paper analyses key national skills development initiatives and how the federal government is making efforts to build skills of marginalised communities as well as helping SME sectors and high growth sectors in bridging projected skills gaps.

Keywords: Youth Employability, Livelihoods, Skills Development, Skills Development Policy, Aajeevika, National Rural Livelihoods Mission, National Skill Development Mission, SME Sector, SME, MSME, India, South Asia, Vocational Education

JEL Classification: M53, M13, E24, J64, O15

Suggested Citation

Das, Anup, Skills Development for SMEs: Mapping of Key Initiatives in India (August 3, 2015). Institutions and Economies, 7(2): 120-143, 2015, Available at SSRN: or

Anup Das (Contact Author)

Jawaharlal Nehru University ( email )

School of Social Sciences-I
Jawaharlal Nehru University
New Delhi, Delhi 110067


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