Gender Peer Effects in School, a Birth Cohort Approach

56 Pages Posted: 25 Sep 2014

See all articles by Walter Garcia-Fontes

Walter Garcia-Fontes

Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Antonio Ciccone

Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Date Written: June 2014

Abstract

We propose estimating gender peer effects in school by exploiting within-school variation in gender composition across birth cohorts. Our approach differs from the existing literature, which exploits variation in gender composition at a given grade level in different years. We argue that the birth cohort approach is a useful alternative as the grade level approach generally yields spurious gender peer effects when there is grade retention. The birth cohort approach applied to primary schools in Spain indicates statistically significant positive gender peer effects of girls on boysÂ’ academic achievement and statistically insignificant effects of girls on girlsÂ’ achievement.

Keywords: gender, grade retention, peer effects, school

JEL Classification: I20

Suggested Citation

Garcia-Fontes, Walter and Ciccone, Antonio, Gender Peer Effects in School, a Birth Cohort Approach (June 2014). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP10042. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2501514

Walter Garcia-Fontes

Universitat Pompeu Fabra ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, E-08005
Spain

Antonio Ciccone (Contact Author)

Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain
+34 93 542 1669 (Phone)
+34 93 542 1746 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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