Fetus, Fasting, and Festival: The Persistent Effects of in Utero Social Shocks

Int J Health Policy Manag, 3: 165-169, 2014, DOI: 10.15171/ijhpm.2014.92

5 Pages Posted: 28 Sep 2014

See all articles by Xi Chen

Xi Chen

Department of Health Policy and Management; Yale University - Department of Economics; Yale University - Yale Institution for Social and Policy Studies; IZA

Date Written: September 26, 2014

Abstract

The Fetal Origins Hypothesis (FOH), put forward in the epidemiological literature and later flourished in the economics literature, suggests that the time in utero is a critical period for human development. However, much attention has been paid to the consequences of fetal exposures to more extreme natural shocks, while less is known about fetal exposures to milder but more commonly experienced social shocks. Using two examples of under-nutrition due to mild social shocks, i.e. Ramadan fasting and festival overspending, this paper summarizes our current knowledge, especially the contribution from economics, and key challenges in exploring fetal exposures to milder social shocks. I also discuss the salient added value of identifying milder versus more extreme fetal shocks. Finally, implications are drawn on individual decisions and public policy to improve children’s well-being before they are born or even before their mothers realize that they are pregnant.

Keywords: In Utero; Maternal Fasting; Ramadan; Gift; Ceremonies; Early Childhood Development

Suggested Citation

Chen, Xi, Fetus, Fasting, and Festival: The Persistent Effects of in Utero Social Shocks (September 26, 2014). Int J Health Policy Manag, 3: 165-169, 2014, DOI: 10.15171/ijhpm.2014.92. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2502249

Xi Chen (Contact Author)

Department of Health Policy and Management ( email )

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Yale University - Department of Economics ( email )

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Yale University - Yale Institution for Social and Policy Studies ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://isps.yale.edu/team/xi-chen

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