Geopolitical Drivers of Future Tourist Flows

Journal of Tourism Futures, 1(1), 59-69, 2014

11 Pages Posted: 28 Sep 2014

See all articles by Craig Webster

Craig Webster

Ball State University

Stanislav Hristov Ivanov

Varna University of Management (VUM); Zangador

Date Written: 2014


Purpose – This paper investigates the major political and economic changes in the world and the likely impact that these changes will bring to tourism and hospitality industries.

Design/methodology/approach – The paper adopts a geopolitical perspective on the dynamics of tourist flows, stipulating that geopolitics has a major impact on the size, structure and direction of these flows.

Findings – The paper identifies 6 geopolitical drivers of tourist flows in the future, namely: the fall of the American Empire, the rise of the BRIC and the PINE countries, increased global political instability, increased importance of regional supranational organisations, greater control of the individuals on a global scale, and the greater importance and power of corporations than national governments.

Originality/value – The paper critically evaluates the geopolitical drivers of tourist flows, their likely future development and the impact they have on tourism.

Keywords: tourism, future of tourism, USA, globalisation, BRICs, PINEs

Suggested Citation

Webster, Craig and Ivanov, Stanislav Hristov, Geopolitical Drivers of Future Tourist Flows (2014). Journal of Tourism Futures, 1(1), 59-69, 2014. Available at SSRN:

Craig Webster

Ball State University ( email )

2000 W. University Avenue
Muncie, IN 47306
United States

Stanislav Hristov Ivanov (Contact Author)

Varna University of Management (VUM) ( email )

13 Oborishte Street
Varna, 9000
+359 898 680713 (Phone)


Zangador ( email )

Varna, 9010


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