Abstract

https://ssrn.com/abstract=2503702
 


 



Saving Patient Ryan — Can Advanced Electronic Medical Records Make Patient Care Safer?


Muhammad Zia Hydari


University of Pittsburgh, Katz Graduate School of Business

Rahul Telang


Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management

William M Marella


Patient Safety Authority; ECRI Institute

August 5, 2016


Abstract:     
The risk of patient harm due to medical care affects hundreds of thousands of patients and costs tens of billions of dollars every year. Advanced electronic medical records (EMRs) are expected to improve patient safety, but the evidence of their impact on patient safety is inconclusive. A key challenge to evaluating advanced EMRs' impact has been the lack of reliable patient safety data. We address this issue by analyzing a new patient safety dataset from the Patient Safety Authority (PSA), a state agency that aggregates patient safety data from Pennsylvania hospitals. Using a panel dataset of Pennsylvania hospitals over 2005-2014, we identify advanced EMRs' effect using the differences-in-differences method. We find that advanced EMRs lead to a 19 percent decline in patient safety events, driven by 24 percent reduction in medication errors and 18 percent reduction in complications. Further, our analysis shows a large decline in medium severity events.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 31

Keywords: electronic medical records, health information technology, patient safety


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Date posted: October 3, 2014 ; Last revised: November 11, 2016

Suggested Citation

Hydari, Muhammad Zia and Telang, Rahul and Marella, William M, Saving Patient Ryan — Can Advanced Electronic Medical Records Make Patient Care Safer? (August 5, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2503702 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2503702

Contact Information

Muhammad Zia Hydari (Contact Author)
University of Pittsburgh, Katz Graduate School of Business ( email )
Roberto Clemente Drive
Pittsburgh, PA 15260
United States
Rahul Telang
Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management ( email )
4800 Forbes Ave
Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890
United States
412-268-1155 (Phone)
William M Marella
Patient Safety Authority ( email )
333 Market Street
Lobby Level
Harrisburg, PA 17120
United States
ECRI Institute ( email )
5200 Butler Pike
Plymouth Meeting, PA 19462
United States
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