Fiscal Devaluation and Structural Gaps

39 Pages Posted: 2 Oct 2014

See all articles by François Langot

François Langot

University of Angers - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives d'Economie Mathematique Appliquees a la Planification (CEPREMAP); Université du Maine - Groupe d' Analyse des Itineraires et Niveaux Salariaux (GAINS); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Lise Patureau

University of Cergy-Pontoise - Department of Economics

Thepthida Sopraseuth

Université du Maine; University of Angers - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives d'Economie Mathematique Appliquees a la Planification (CEPREMAP)

Date Written: October 2014

Abstract

The paper characterizes the optimal tax scheme in an open economy with structural inefficiencies on the labor market and on government size. On analytical grounds first, we show that the economy can use fiscal revaluation to exploit the terms of trade externality and to dampen the impact of an excessive public spending. However, if real labor market rigidities are large enough, fiscal devaluation may be desirable. Second, we provide a quantitative assessment of the optimal tax reform using France as the benchmark economy. Our results show that France would benefit more from fiscal devaluation than a economy where the labor market is more flexible, as the US. We also show that the welfare gains from the optimal tax reform crucially depend on the ability of the government to target its optimal size.

Keywords: Consumption tax, payroll tax, Ramsey allocation, labor market search, open economy, public spending

JEL Classification: E27, E62, H21, J38

Suggested Citation

Langot, Francois and Patureau, Lise and Sopraseuth, Thepthida, Fiscal Devaluation and Structural Gaps (October 2014). Banque de France Working Paper No. 508. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2504411 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2504411

Francois Langot (Contact Author)

University of Angers - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives d'Economie Mathematique Appliquees a la Planification (CEPREMAP) ( email )

Ecole Normale Superieure
48 boulevard Jourdan
75014 Paris
France

Université du Maine - Groupe d' Analyse des Itineraires et Niveaux Salariaux (GAINS) ( email )

72085 Le Mans Cedex 9
France

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Lise Patureau

University of Cergy-Pontoise - Department of Economics ( email )

Site des Chênes 1
33 boulevard du Port
Cergy-Pontoise, Cédex F-95011
France

Thepthida Sopraseuth

Université du Maine ( email )

72085 Le Mans Cedex 9
France

University of Angers - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives d'Economie Mathematique Appliquees a la Planification (CEPREMAP)

Ecole Normale Superieure
48 boulevard Jourdan
75014 Paris
France

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