Tell It Like It Is: Disclosed Risks and Factor Portfolios
50 Pages Posted: 4 Oct 2014
Date Written: October 2, 2014
Using new textual analysis techniques to extract a broad set of disclosed risk factors from firms' SEC filings, I examine characteristics of the firms and industries most likely to make each type of disclosure, and investigate the relation between firms' risk disclosures and their stock return volatilities and factor loadings. Finally, I form risk disclosure portfolios and perform a style analysis to examine the disclosed risks associated with commonly used asset pricing risk factors. Disclosed risks about credit markets and constraints explain much of the variation in the Fama-French factors, suggesting small, value firms may be more risky in downturns.
Keywords: Disclosure, Risk, Stock Returns, Topic Models, Textual Analysis
JEL Classification: G12, G14, G32, D83
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation