Do Improved Property Rights Decrease Violence Against Women in India?

52 Pages Posted: 4 Oct 2014 Last revised: 20 Oct 2017

See all articles by Sofia Amaral

Sofia Amaral

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) - ifo Institute (Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Date Written: July 1, 2017

Abstract

This paper uses the staggered implementation of a legal change in inheritance law in India to estimate the effect of women's improved access to inheritance on violence against women. I find that the aggregate rate of violence against women ( including female suicides) fell. This fall is due to changes in police-reported violence as well as in female mortality. The law did not change male mortality or other forms of non-gender based crime. Further, at the individual level I find that spouses eligible for inheritance are 17 percent less likely to be victims of domestic violence. These findings are explained by an improvement in marriage market negotiations and this led to women marrying partners that consume less alcohol.

Keywords: Crime, Domestic Violence, Property Rights, Intra-household Distribution

JEL Classification: J12, J16, K42, O15

Suggested Citation

Amaral, Sofia, Do Improved Property Rights Decrease Violence Against Women in India? (July 1, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2504579 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2504579

Sofia Amaral (Contact Author)

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) - ifo Institute (Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich) ( email )

Munich
Germany

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

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