Student Scores in Public and Private Schools: Evidence from PISA 2009

25 Pages Posted: 4 Oct 2014

See all articles by Stephane Mahuteau

Stephane Mahuteau

Macquarie University - Economics Department

Kostas G. Mavromaras

University of Melbourne - Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

This paper examines critically the presumption that, other things equal, private schooling offers higher quality education than public schooling. We apply multilevel regression on the 2009 PISA to estimate the differential effect of public and private schooling on student scores in Australia. We control for observable and unobservable influences, at school and student levels. We find that public-private schooling quality estimated differences are not statistically significant, but Catholic schools perform better than both. Differences by sector in the level of resourcing, plays a minor role. Student socioeconomic status differences and resulting selection, drive the observed better private schooling scores outcomes.

Keywords: PISA, government schools, school quality, multilevel modelling

JEL Classification: I24, I21, I28

Suggested Citation

Mahuteau, Stephane and Mavromaras, Kostas G., Student Scores in Public and Private Schools: Evidence from PISA 2009. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8471. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2505333

Stephane Mahuteau (Contact Author)

Macquarie University - Economics Department ( email )

North Ryde
Sydney, New South Wales 2109
Australia
612 9850 8489 (Phone)
612 9850 6069 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.econ.mq.edu.au/staff/position/staff_by_position/stephane_mahuteau

Kostas G. Mavromaras

University of Melbourne - Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research ( email )

Level 5, FBE Building, 111 Barry Street
Parkville, Victoria 3010
Australia

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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