The Trouble with European Data Protection Law
International Data Privacy Law, doi: 10.1093/idpl/ipu023, Forthcoming
15 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2014
Date Written: August 29, 2014
The trouble with Harry, in Alfred Hitchcock’s 1955 movie, is that he's dead, and everyone seems to have a different idea of what needs to be done with his body. The trouble with European data protection law is the same. In several crucial respects, data protection law is currently a dead letter. The current legal reform will fail to revive it, since its three main objectives are based on fallacies. The first fallacy is the delusion that data protection law can give individuals control over their data, which it cannot. The second is the misconception that the reform simplifies the law, while in fact it makes compliance even more complex. The third is the assumption that data protection law should be comprehensive, which stretches data protection to the point of breaking and makes it meaningless law in the books. Unless data protection reform starts looking in other directions — going back to basics, playing other regulatory tunes on different instruments in other legal areas, and revitalising the spirit of data protection by stimulating best practices — data protection will remain dead. Or, worse perhaps, a zombie.
Keywords: data protection, informational self-determination, EU law, zombies, regulatory disconnection, data protection principles
JEL Classification: K10, K39, O38
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation