Abstract

https://ssrn.com/abstract=2505776
 


 



Copyrights and Creativity: Evidence from Italian Operas


Michela Giorcelli


Department of Economics, University of California - Los Angeles

Petra Moser


Leonard N. Stern School of Business - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

December 28, 2016


Abstract:     
This paper exploits variation in the adoption of copyright laws – due to idiosyncratic variation in the timing of Napoléon’s military victories – to investigate the causal effects of copyright laws on creativity. To measure variation creative output, we use new data on 2,598 operas that premiered across eight states within Italy between 1770 and 1900. This analysis indicates that the adoption of basic levels of copyright laws raised both the level and the quality of creative output in states with copyrights. The benefits of additional years of copyright, however, decline with the existing length of copyrights. Composer-level analyses indicate that much of the observed increase in creativity was driven by immigrants, who were attracted to states with favorable copyright terms. Consistent with agglomeration externalities, we also find that cities with a better pre-existing infrastructure of performance spaces benefitted more copyright laws.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 67

Keywords: Copyright, intellectual property, creativity, innovation, economic history

JEL Classification: O3, O33, O34, K11, N3


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Date posted: October 6, 2014 ; Last revised: December 28, 2016

Suggested Citation

Giorcelli, Michela and Moser, Petra, Copyrights and Creativity: Evidence from Italian Operas (December 28, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2505776 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2505776

Contact Information

Michela Giorcelli
Department of Economics, University of California - Los Angeles ( email )
9357 Bunche Hall
315 Portola Plaza
Los Angeles, CA CA 90024
United States
650-630-9648 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://www.giorcellimichela.com
Petra Moser (Contact Author)
Leonard N. Stern School of Business - Department of Economics ( email )
269 Mercer Street
New York, NY 10003
United States
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
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