Benchmarking Future City-Regions Beyond Nation-States
RSRS Regional Studies Regional Science, 2015
17 Pages Posted: 9 Oct 2014 Last revised: 24 Jun 2015
Date Written: June 9, 2015
This paper argues that new city-regional configurations are emerging and establishing a regional order beyond nation-states, not only as a consequence of certain nationalistic political devolution claims but also due to the economic renewal and nation-state re-scaling trend advocated by the ‘new regionalism’. Based on the author’s findings , which elucidate the distinction between four nationalistic (Scotland, Catalonia, the Basque Country and Iceland) and four non-nationalistic city-region cases (Oresund, Liverpool/Manchester, Dublin and Portland), this paper highlights that there is no single model for city-regions and emphasises that this trend has become increasingly complex due to its wide range of causes: political devolution and nation-state re-scaling processes (Scotland, Catalonia, Basque, Liverpool and Manchester), flow of commuters (Oresund), democratic regeneration (Iceland) and economic renewal (Dublin and Portland).
This paper benchmarks eight city-regions by systemically investigating their social innovation processes to better understand their dynamics beyond their respective nation-states.
Keywords: city-regions, nation-states, social innovation, devolution
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