Technology Transfer

In R. Wolfrum (ed.) Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Oxford University Press, 2012), Vol. IX, 801-814,

18 Pages Posted: 11 Oct 2014

See all articles by Michael Waibel

Michael Waibel

University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law; Lauterpacht Centre for International Law; University of Cambridge - Jesus College

William P. Alford

Harvard Law School

Date Written: October 8, 2011

Abstract

Technology transfer concerns the efficient and equitable allocation of existing technology in the world. Such a transfer differs from the creation of new technology, even though it may enable further technological developments. The term technology transfer entered international law in the 1960s, though its precise definition remains contentious.

Technology transfer has two dimensions. The first is technology as a catalyst for economic development. Technology transfer is widely believed to lead to higher economic growth. In the 1970s and 1980s, dependence theory — the view that integration into the world economy on capitalist terms would gradually worsen the balance of trade for developing countries — had many followers. This model of development emphasized political and economic independence through control of trade, capital, and technology flows. The second dimension concerns the policing of technology licenses by competition authorities, and the co-ordination of national competition policies relating to technology.

Keywords: Technology Transfer; licensing; access to medicines; Draft Code on Technology Transfer; UNCTAD

JEL Classification: K33; L24; E22

Suggested Citation

Waibel, Michael and Alford, William P., Technology Transfer (October 8, 2011). In R. Wolfrum (ed.) Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Oxford University Press, 2012), Vol. IX, 801-814,. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2507143

Michael Waibel (Contact Author)

University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law ( email )

10 West Road
Cambridge, CB3 9DZ
United Kingdom

Lauterpacht Centre for International Law ( email )

5 Cranmer Road
Cambridge, CB3 9BL
United Kingdom

University of Cambridge - Jesus College ( email )

Jesus Lane
Cambridge, CB5 8BL
United Kingdom

William P. Alford

Harvard Law School ( email )

1575 Massachusetts
Hauser 406
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-495-4693 (Phone)
617-495-8129 (Fax)

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