Agriculture in African Development: Theories and Strategies

Posted: 8 Oct 2014

See all articles by Stefan Dercon

Stefan Dercon

University of Oxford - Department of Economics

Douglas Gollin

Oxford Department of International Development; Williams College; Yale University

Date Written: November 2014

Abstract

Agriculture is the largest sector in most sub-Saharan economies in terms of employment, and it plays an important role in supplying food and export earnings. Rural poverty rates remain high, and labor productivity is strikingly low. This article asks how these factors shape the role of agriculture in African development strategies. Is agricultural growth a prerequisite for growth in other sectors? Or will urbanization and nonagricultural export markets ultimately be the forces that pull the rural economy into higher productivity? We argue that agricultural development strategies will vary widely because of heterogeneity across and within countries.

Suggested Citation

Dercon, Stefan and Gollin, Douglas, Agriculture in African Development: Theories and Strategies (November 2014). Annual Review of Resource Economics, Vol. 6, Issue 1, pp. 471-492, 2014, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2507241 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-resource-100913-012706

Stefan Dercon (Contact Author)

University of Oxford - Department of Economics ( email )

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Douglas Gollin

Oxford Department of International Development ( email )

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Williams College ( email )

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Yale University ( email )

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