Multinational Enterprises, Absorptive Capacity and Export Spillovers: Evidence from Polish Firm‐Level Data

18 Pages Posted: 9 Oct 2014

See all articles by Andrzej Cieslik

Andrzej Cieslik

Warsaw University - Department of Economics

Jan Hagemejer

National Bank of Poland; University of Warsaw - Faculty of Economic Sciences

Date Written: November 2014

Abstract

An important benefit attributed to the activity of multinational enterprises (MNEs) in developing and transition countries is its effect on international market access. Through a variety of channels the presence of MNEs is expected to reduce the costs faced by indigenous firms in breaking into international markets and in turn boost their export prospects. In this paper we use an extensive Polish firm‐level dataset for the period 2000–2008 to verify whether MNEs have positively contributed to the export performance of indigenous firms. We track not only sectoral and geographical spillovers stemming from the activity of MNEs but also control for firm‐specific characteristics that affect indigenous firms' decisions to export including their absorptive capacity. Our empirical results support the existence of positive spillovers (related to MNE export activity) at the sectoral level but not at the regional level. Finally, we find that individual absorptive capacity determines the size of export spillovers.

Suggested Citation

Cieslik, Andrzej and Hagemejer, Jan, Multinational Enterprises, Absorptive Capacity and Export Spillovers: Evidence from Polish Firm‐Level Data (November 2014). Review of Development Economics, Vol. 18, Issue 4, pp. 709-726, 2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2507551 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rode.12113

Andrzej Cieslik (Contact Author)

Warsaw University - Department of Economics ( email )

Macroeconomics and International Trade Theory Division
Warsaw 00-241
Poland
+48 22 831 4725 (Phone)
+48 22 831 2846 (Fax)

Jan Hagemejer

National Bank of Poland ( email )

00-919 Warsaw
Poland

University of Warsaw - Faculty of Economic Sciences ( email )

Dluga Street 44/50
Warsaw, 00-241
Poland

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