1-Share Orders and Trades
32 Pages Posted: 12 Oct 2014 Last revised: 26 Apr 2018
Date Written: October 8, 2016
1-share trades are the most common odd lot trade size, accounting for 9.62% of all odd lot transactions and 3.65% of all trades on NASDAQ in 2012. While 50.41% of 1-share trades result from broken orders, 34.89% of 1-share trades are intentional. We provide evidence that traders use 1-share trades to “ping” for hidden liquidity. In particular, our results indicate that 1-share trades are disproportionately aggressive and also execute against hidden liquidity more than any other odd lot trade size. We also find a relative increase in trading immediately following a 1-share trade. Our results support Clark-Joseph (2014), who suggests that traders may use small, unprofitable trades to detect information from other traders. Specifically, 1-share trades represent the minimum cash outlay necessary to trade, while simultaneously producing the smallest possible effects on a market maker’s inventory, and in turn, a security’s price.
Keywords: One Share trades; One Share orders; trades; orders; NASDAQ
JEL Classification: G10; G14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation