Women's Participation in Senior Management Positions: Gender Social Relations, Law and Corporate Governance
25 Pages Posted: 13 Oct 2014
Date Written: October 10, 2014
We provide an empirical overview of women’s under-representation in positions of senior management in Brazil, including the board of directors and "C" level positions. We do so by collecting data on 73,901 top managerial positions of 837 different publicly held companies throughout sixteen years from 1997 until 2012. We find that the proportion of women in top management positions in Brazilian companies is currently around 8% and relatively stagnant over the years under analysis. Around half of the companies did not appoint a single woman to their boards during the years under analysis, whereas around two-thirds did not exhibit at least one woman on their senior management teams. We also investigate the corporate attributes associated with a higher or lower presence of women on board and top executive positions. Contrary to the common sense, we find that companies listed on the Novo Mercado as well as state-owned companies are associated with a lower presence of women on the board of directors. We conclude by discussing some possible institutional solutions, including the possibility of affirmative actions such as quotas, in order to promote higher gender equality at the top of the Brazilian corporate world.
Keywords: Diversity, Gender Equality, Women, Senior Management Positions, Board of Directors
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