Job Creation, Firm Creation, and De Novo Entry

KU Leuven Discussion Paper Series DPS14.25

53 Pages Posted: 14 Oct 2014

See all articles by Karen Geurts

Karen Geurts

Center for Economic Studies - KULeuven

Johannes Van Biesebroeck

K.U.Leuven; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Date Written: August 2014


Firm turnover and growth recorded in administrative data sets differ from underlying firm dynamics. By tracing the employment history of the workforce of new and disappearing administrative firm identifiers, we can accurately identify de novo entrants and true economic exits, even when firms change identifier, merge, or split-up. For a well-defined group of new firms entering the Belgian economy between 2004 and 2011, we find highly regular post-entry employment dynamics in spite of the volatile macroeconomic environment. Exit rates decrease with age and size. Surviving entrants record high employment growth that is monotonically decreasing with age in every size class. Most remarkably, we find that Gibrat’s law is violated for very young firms. Conditional on age, the relationship between employment growth and current size is strongly and robustly positive. This pattern is obscured, or even reversed, when administrative entrants and exits are taken at face value. De novo entrants’ contribution to job creation is relatively small and not very persistent, in particular for (the large majority of) new firms that enter with fewer than five employees.

Suggested Citation

Geurts, Karen and Van Biesebroeck, Johannes, Job Creation, Firm Creation, and De Novo Entry (August 2014). KU Leuven Discussion Paper Series DPS14.25. Available at SSRN: or

Karen Geurts (Contact Author)

Center for Economic Studies - KULeuven ( email )

Naamsestraat 69
Leuven, 3000
+32478303283 (Phone)

Johannes Van Biesebroeck

K.U.Leuven ( email )

Naamsestraat 69
B-3000 Leuven
+3216326793 (Phone)
+3216326796 (Fax)


Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

United Kingdom

Register to save articles to
your library


Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics

Under construction: SSRN citations while be offline until July when we will launch a brand new and improved citations service, check here for more details.

For more information