Implementing the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding in Multiple Hospitals Serving Low-Wealth Patients in the US: Innovative Research Design and Baseline Findings

International Breastfeeding Journal 2013, 8:5

11 Pages Posted: 18 Oct 2014

See all articles by Miriam Labbok

Miriam Labbok

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Department of Maternal and Child Health

Emily Taylor

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Gillings School of Global Public Health

Nathan Nickel

University of Manitoba - Department of Community Health Sciences (CHS); University of Manitoba - Manitoba Centre for Health Policy

Date Written: 2013

Abstract

Background: The Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding are maternity practices proven to support successful achievement of exclusive breastfeeding. They also are the basis for the WHO/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI). This study explores implementation of these steps in hospitals that serve predominantly low wealth populations.

Methods: A quasi-experimental design with mixed methods for data collection and analysis was included within an intervention project. We compared the impact of a modified Ten Steps implementation approach to a control group. The intervention was carried out in hospitals where: 1) BFHI designation was not necessarily under consideration, and 2) the majority of the patient population was low wealth, i.e., eligible for Medicaid. Hospitals in the research aspect of this project were systematically assigned to one of two groups: Initial Intervention or Initial Control/Later Intervention. This paper includes analyses from the baseline data collection, which consisted of an eSurvey (i.e., Carolina B-KAP), Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care survey tool (mPINC), the BFHI Self- Appraisal, key informant interviews, breastfeeding data, and formatted feedback discussion.

Results: Comparability was ensured by statistical and non-parametric tests of baseline characteristics of the two groups. Additional findings of interest included: 1) a universal lack of consistent breastfeeding records and statistics for regular monitoring/review, 2) widespread misinterpretation of associated terminology, 3) health care providers’ reported practices not necessarily reflective of their knowledge and attitudes, and 4) specific steps were found to be associated with hospital breastfeeding rates. A comprehensive set of facilitators and obstacles to initiation of the Ten Steps emerged, and hospital-specific practice change challenges were identified.

Discussion: This is one of the first studies to examine introduction of the Ten Steps in multiple hospitals with a control group and in hospitals that were not necessarily interested in BFHI designation, where the population served is predominantly low wealth, and with the use of a mixed methods approach. Limitations including numbers of hospitals and inability to adhere to all elements of the design are discussed.

Conclusions: For improvements in quality of care for breastfeeding dyads, innovative and site specific intervention modification must be considered.

Keywords: Ten Steps, BFHI, Baby Friendly, Breastfeeding, Quality of Care, Readiness to Change, Maternity Practices, Multi-hospital

Suggested Citation

Labbok, Miriam and Taylor, Emily and Nickel, Nathan, Implementing the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding in Multiple Hospitals Serving Low-Wealth Patients in the US: Innovative Research Design and Baseline Findings (2013). International Breastfeeding Journal 2013, 8:5, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2511001

Miriam Labbok (Contact Author)

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Department of Maternal and Child Health ( email )

Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7400
United States

Emily Taylor

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Gillings School of Global Public Health ( email )

Chapel Hill, NC 27599
United States

Nathan Nickel

University of Manitoba - Department of Community Health Sciences (CHS) ( email )

750 Bannatyne Ave
Winnipeg, R3E 0W3
Canada

University of Manitoba - Manitoba Centre for Health Policy ( email )

University of Manitoba Bannatyne Campus
Winnipeg
Canada

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