A System of Systems Framework for Health and Human Services

10 Pages Posted: 22 Oct 2014 Last revised: 17 Oct 2019

See all articles by Roy S Freedman

Roy S Freedman

Inductive Solutions, Inc.; NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Isidore Sobkowski

New York City - HHS

Date Written: December 1, 2012


A system of systems is characterized by the properties of operational and managerial autonomy; belonging to a system collective; connectivity; diversity of operational characteristics, location, infrastructure and capability; and evolutionary development. It is also characterized by emergent synergistic behavior: the system of systems functionality is greater than the sum of the component functionality. This article offers a new framework for inter-agency health and human services systems as a system of systems. We discuss how the system of systems framework provides a new way of understanding the interoperability of health and human services – spanning multiple organizations – in the context of complex inter-agency relationships.

Keywords: System of systems, health and human services, interoperability, federation of systems, family of systems

JEL Classification: I19, I39, O33

Suggested Citation

Freedman, Roy S and Sobkowski, Isidore, A System of Systems Framework for Health and Human Services (December 1, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2512278 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2512278

Roy S Freedman (Contact Author)

Inductive Solutions, Inc. ( email )

380 Rector Place 4A
New York, NY 10280
United States
+1212.945.0630 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.inductive.com

NYU Tandon School of Engineering ( email )

Department of Finance and Risk Engineering
Brooklyn, NY 11201
United States

HOME PAGE: http://engineering.nyu.edu/academics/departments/finance-and-risk-engineering

Isidore Sobkowski

New York City - HHS ( email )

United States

Do you have negative results from your research you’d like to share?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics